The next generation of telecommunications networks, the fifth generation or 5G technology, has started to hit the market at the end of 2018 and will continue to expand worldwide.
Beyond improving speed, 5G is expected to unleash a massive Internet of Things ( IoT ) ecosystem where networks can help the communication needs of billions of connected devices with the right trade-offs between speed, latency, and cost.
Each new generation wireless network comes with a new set of new uses.
The upcoming 5G will be no exception and will focus on IoT (Internet of Things) and critical communications applications.
Some key applications like self-driving cars require very aggressive latency (fast response time) while not requiring fast data speeds.
On the other hand, enterprise-based cloud services with big data analytics will require speed improvements rather than latency improvements.
Where is 5G technology in deployment and standardization, and how long will this take?
The projected adoption rate for 5G differs dramatically from all previous generation networks (3G, 4G): while the previous technology was driven by mobile internet usage and the availability of popular apps, 5G is expected to be focused mainly on new uses of IoT, such as connected and autonomous cars, for example.
According to an Ericsson report from June 2019, 5G will reach 45% population analysis and also 1.9 billion contributions by 2024, making it the firmest generation to be deployed globally.
5G is still a cellular broadband technology and is a network of networks. Therefore, the experience and expertise of mobile network operators in the building and operating networks will be critical to the success of 5G. Beyond providing network services, MNOs will remain able to develop and use new IoT services.
Rolling out 5G networks while keeping 3G and 4G networks operational will likely trigger a new challenge for MNOs regarding the capacity of frequencies in the spectrum (mainly if the anticipated massive volume in IoT occurs).
Mobile network operators will then need to operate a new spectrum in the 6 to 300 GHz range, which means massive investments in network infrastructure. In addition, to reach the 1ms latency target, 5G networks imply connectivity for the base station using optical fibers.
On the cost-saving side, 5G networks are planned to be capable of supporting virtual networks such as low-throughput, low-throughput networks (LPLT) for low-cost IoT. Unlike today, where LORA networks address that need separately from 4G.
5G for consumers means faster mobile internet and mainly internet connectivity in many more things than you see today. The car and the home are two examples of the great IoT revolution, supported by 5G networks. Samsung and other Android OEMs plan to introduce the first 5G smartphones in 2019.
Today’s 4G networks use the USIM application to perform strong mutual authentication between the user and their connected device and the networks. The entity that hosts the USIM application can be a removable SIM card or an embedded UICC chip.
This solid mutual authentication is crucial to enable trusted services. Today’s security solutions are already a combination of security at the edge (device) and also security at the core (network).
Various security frameworks may coexist in the future, and 5G is likely to reuse existing solutions used today for 4G networks and also the cloud (SE, HSM, certification, over-the-air provisioning, and KMS).
In telecommunications, 5G is the fifth-generation broadband cellular network technology standard released by mobile phone companies in 2019. The planned successor to 4G networks provides connectivity for most mobile phones today.
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