Robotics: We define a robot as an automaton entity composed of artificial mechanics and an electromechanical system. It has been create from the research of science and technology. A robot differs from a bot in that it comprises physical and tangible mechanisms, while the bot is hosted in software within a virtual system located in the Cloud.
Mechatronic engineering, which consists of various sciences such as mechanics, electronics, control, computer science, and computer science, is used to design a robot. These disciplines represent robotics or mechatronics engineering; branches like algebra, automata or state machines need to be add.
Summarizing the origin and history of robots, the first attempts to represent humans through machines can be found in ancient Greece. It was at this time that the first robots were called automatons, one of which was that of Hero of Alexandria in 85 BC.
The etymology of the term, or the concept of the word robot, was coin in 1920 by a Czech writer name Karel Capek. It was part of the name of a play he create entitle RUR (Rossum’s Universal Robots). It was about a company that made artificial humans avoid workers in factories. The word robot comes from robots, which means forced labor, or bondage in Czech means forced labor or servitude.
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The inventor of the first industrial robot was George Charles Devol, which is why he is consider the inventor of robotics and the creator of the first robots. Born in Kentucky in 1912, George Devol is an American inventor who distinguished himself early on through his intelligence.
Together with Joseph F. Engelberger, Devol founded Unimation, a company dedicated exclusively to developing the first industrial robots.
George Devol developed the first programmable machine in the past in 1948 and was notable for its ease of use and adaptability. This should be the basis for developing programmable robots, which he later produced with Joseph Engelberger in his robotics shop.
Later, Isaac Asimov defined robotics as the science responsible for studying and developing robots. He invent the “Three Laws of Robotics” for his science fiction novels, which can be summarize as follows:
There are different families of robots, as well as ways to classify them, and in this case, we are going to divide them by their functionality:
A little later, we delve into the info on the different types of robots, such as butler robots, educational robots, agricultural robots, collaborative robots, cobots intended for the automation of the industry, chef robots, et.
Robots can also be classified according to their characteristics and technical capabilities. And we’re not just talking about their mobility, but also the type of programming and level of intelligence they possess. They need to be differentiate from chatbots here; then, a talking bot is a virtual robot in software.
The improvement of artificial intelligence neural network algorithms is revolutionizing the world of robotics through large-scale computing. It offered endless possibilities in the evolution of robotics. Just think of the names of humanoid robots such as Sophia, Thespian, and Ibuki, distinguished by their ability to interact and intelligence.
The latest advances in robotic engineering have enabled it to implement in any job. So naturally, they are excited about dropping manufacturing costs. Still, they also allow them to be use in places of risk or produce muscular overloads for the operators, reducing sick leave and accident rates.
Another feature of robots is that they work with a precision that is not affect by fatigue, sleep, work shifts, or illness, but they also do not need vacations or “for the time being” have to pay taxes on them.
While it is true that industrialized robots can work 24/7, just like a worker, robots need preventive and palliative maintenance.
The biggest drawback of implementing robotic devices in jobs is that it will continue to cause massive job destruction in the next decade, mainly in the industrial and services sectors. Undoubtedly, it is a reality that is difficult to hide, although it is just as evident that millions of new jobs will be generate around robotics.
In a study developed by Deloitte, Singularity University, and Compete. Entitled Exponential technologies in manufacturing, advance robotics is define as machines or systems capable of accepting high-level orders.
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